Eucommia is a deciduous tree, up to 20 meters high, 50cm in diameter, and with spherical crown.
Besides its ability to heal bones and tissues, eucommia bark has other functions. For pregnant women it is given to soothe the fetus, and prevent miscarriage. Eucommia bark also has the ability to aid in blood pressure reduction and general heart health. This is due to its anti-inflammatory properties. Eucommia bark is used in almost all Chinese formulas to lower blood pressure, and has been relied upon for over 2000 years.
Other modern uses of eucommia bark include treatment of impotence and its related symptoms, which makes it great for both women and men. It is included in tonics that boost the immune system and generally improve wellness.
Eucommia ulmoides bark is dark gray. Branches have flaky marrow. All parts show silvery white plastic wire after broken. Branchlets is smooth and with no terminal bud. Eucommia leaf is single, alternate, elliptic, 7 to 14cm long, serrated, pinnately veined, and without stipules. Flowers, growing in bract at the base of young branches, are unisexual, dioecious, and with no perianth. Samara is flat, oblong, 2-lobed at the apex, and with one seed only. It blooms from April to May, along or prior to the blossom of bract. And it fruits from October to November.
Main habitat is montane forest. But now most of them are from cultivation and distributed in the middle Yangtze River, the southern provinces, Henan, Shaanxi, Gansu and other places.