3 pillars of mindfulness

The Three Components of Mindfulness: Complete Guide

The three components of mindfulness are attitude, attention, and intention.

Understanding how these three states of mind work together will help you become a more mindful individual.

Quick disclaimer, there are a hundred different ways you can interpret these different mental states. This is just one method that is easy to understand and very accurate from an holistic and esoteric standpoint.

I’ll begin by breaking down each of these mindfulness components and how they shape our perception of Self and the world.

The Three Components of Mindfulness

Mindfulness, at its core, is the practice of intentionally focusing on the present moment without judgment.

It is a transformative practice that can positively influence every aspect of our lives, leading to improved mental health, better focus, less stress, and a higher quality of life. But the practice of mindfulness is not an automatic process; it requires a careful cultivation of three key components: attitude, attention, and intention.

Let’s dive deep into these three pillars of mindfulness and explore how they collectively contribute to a mindful lifestyle and how we can develop them using mindfulness practices.

Attitude: The Heart of Mindfulness

The attitude with which we approach mindfulness is the bedrock upon which the entire practice rests. A proper attitude towards mindfulness involves embracing acceptance, patience, non-judgment, curiosity, and kindness.

This attitude sets the tone for our experience and can make a profound difference in the effectiveness of our mindfulness practice.


The right attitude allows us to face experiences – both pleasant and unpleasant – with equanimity and grace.

By fostering acceptance, we allow ourselves to experience emotions and situations without resistance.

attitude in mindfulness
attitude is closely related to perception. our attitude influences how we experience everything in life.

Patience helps us acknowledge that understanding and growth take time, while non-judgment frees us from the mental stress of categorizing experiences as “good” or “bad.” Cultivating curiosity helps us discover nuances and insights in everyday experiences, and kindness towards ourselves prevents self-criticism and encourages self-compassion.

Cultivating Attitude

Developing the right attitude involves consistent mindfulness meditation where we sit quietly and allow our experiences to unfold without judgment or resistance.

During these sessions, we can remind ourselves of these attitudes, reinforcing them in our minds. We can also practice loving-kindness meditation, which nurtures an attitude of compassion and kindness towards ourselves and others.

Attention: The Focus of Mindfulness

Attention, the second pillar of mindfulness, refers to the ability to consciously direct our awareness to our experiences in the present moment.


Paying attention to the present moment allows us to experience life more fully, instead of getting caught up in thoughts about the past or future.

It helps us recognize patterns in our thoughts and behavior, leading to greater self-understanding. Regular practice of attentive mindfulness can enhance our concentration, productivity, and overall mental clarity.

Cultivating Attention

The primary method of developing attention in mindfulness is through concentration practices, such as focused-attention meditation.

This practice involves concentrating on a single object, like the breath, a word, or a phrase. Each time the mind wanders, gently bring the focus back to the chosen object. Over time, this strengthens our ability to sustain attention.

Intention: The Direction of Mindfulness

Intention is the third pillar, the driving force behind our mindfulness practice. It defines the “why” – the reason we choose to be mindful.


Setting clear intentions can guide our mindfulness practice towards specific areas of growth and understanding. The intentions we set for our practice may evolve over time, but they keep us committed and remind us why we started the journey.

living a mindful life
an intentional life is a bountiful one. learning to be more conscious of the ways in which we direct our thoughts, and reinforcing our minds with the intent to be more mindful, leads to a life of stillness, clarity, and power.

Cultivating Intention

We can cultivate intention by setting clear, personal objectives before each mindfulness session.

It could be as simple as “I intend to be more aware of my emotions” or “I want to react less and respond more”. Writing down these intentions and revisiting them regularly can help reinforce them, providing a clear direction for our mindfulness journey.

The Three Components of Mindfulness in Action

There are straightforward ways to start living a mindful life. When you understand the components of mindfulness, this becomes a whole lot easier.

Here are some of the ways that you can easily act in a mindful way with meaningful action and reflection.

  • Mindful Morning Rituals: Start your day with mindfulness. It could be sipping your coffee slowly, savoring each sip, or practicing a few minutes of meditation right after you wake up. This practice sets the tone for the rest of your day. 
  • Mindful Eating: Instead of eating in front of the TV or while scrolling on your phone, eat mindfully. Savor the taste, texture, and smell of your food, paying attention to every bite. This not only enhances the eating experience but also promotes healthier eating habits. 
  • Walking Meditation: Turn your daily walks into a mindfulness practice. Notice the feeling of your foot making contact with the ground, the sound of leaves rustling, the sensation of wind against your skin. This turns a simple walk into a profound moment of connection with the world around you. 
  • Mindful Art: Engage in art activities like painting, drawing, or sculpting mindfully. Immerse yourself in the process, focusing on each brushstroke or molding action, allowing the art to anchor you to the present. 
  • Listening to Music Mindfully: Rather than having music as just background noise, really listen to it. Pay attention to each note, the lyrics, the rhythm. This can be a profoundly relaxing and enjoyable mindfulness practice. 
  • Mindful Gardening: Feel the dirt in your hands, notice the colors of the flowers, the fragrance they emit, and the sound of birds around you. Gardening is an excellent way to ground yourself in the present. 
  • Yoga and Mindfulness: Yoga is a practice that naturally complements mindfulness. Focusing on each pose, the flow of your breath, and bodily sensations during yoga is an excellent way to cultivate mindfulness. 
  • Gratitude Journaling: Take a few moments each day to write down what you’re grateful for. This encourages a mindfulness of our emotions and of the positive aspects of our lives. 
  • Mindful Cleaning: Turn chores into mindfulness exercises. For example, while washing dishes, pay attention to the sensation of warm water on your hands, the sound of the water, and the sight of bubbles popping. 
  • Breathing Exercises: Use simple breathing exercises throughout the day as an anchor to the present moment. This can be especially helpful during moments of stress.

By implementing these practices, mindfulness will become integrated into your daily life, allowing you to develop a powerful, resilient mindset, ready to face any challenge that comes your way.

mindfulness in action
mindfulness in action results in a deep inner peace that enables us to go through life undisturbed and potent in our ability to live the way we want, aligned with higher ideals and goals.

Frequently Asked Questions about the Three Pillars of Mindfulness

1. What are the three pillars of mindfulness? The three pillars of mindfulness are attitude, attention, and intention. These elements are integral to cultivating and maintaining a successful mindfulness practice.

2. Why is attitude important in mindfulness? Attitude in mindfulness refers to the manner in which we approach our practice and our experiences. The right attitude — acceptance, patience, non-judgment, curiosity, and kindness — allows us to fully engage with our experiences, reducing resistance and fostering a deeper understanding of our thoughts and emotions.

3. How can I develop the right attitude for mindfulness? The right attitude for mindfulness can be developed through consistent practice of mindfulness meditation, in which you sit quietly and allow your experiences to unfold without judgment or resistance. Loving-kindness meditation can also help cultivate an attitude of compassion and kindness.

4. What does attention mean in mindfulness? Attention in mindfulness is the ability to direct our awareness to our experiences in the present moment consciously. It is an active process that allows us to experience life more fully and achieve greater self-understanding.

5. How can I improve my attention in mindfulness? You can improve your attention in mindfulness through concentration practices, such as focused-attention meditation. This involves focusing on a single object, such as your breath, and bringing your attention back to that object whenever your mind wanders.

6. Why is intention significant in mindfulness? Intention in mindfulness is the driving force behind our practice. It defines the reason why we choose to be mindful and can guide our practice towards specific areas of growth and understanding. Clear intentions keep us committed to our mindfulness journey.

7. How can I set my intentions for mindfulness? Setting intentions in mindfulness involves identifying clear, personal objectives for your practice. These objectives could be as simple as wanting to be more aware of your emotions or wanting to react less and respond more. Writing down these intentions and revisiting them regularly can help reinforce them.

8. How do the three pillars of mindfulness work together? The three pillars of mindfulness – attitude, attention, and intention – collectively form a strong foundation for mindful living. The right attitude enables us to approach experiences without resistance or judgment. Attention allows us to be fully present in these experiences, and intention guides us, ensuring we remain committed to our mindfulness journey. They are interconnected and reinforcing.

9. Can I practice mindfulness without one of the pillars? While you technically can practice mindfulness without consciously considering all three pillars, each one plays a vital role in the effectiveness of your practice. The three pillars work in harmony to create a well-rounded mindfulness practice, so it’s beneficial to incorporate all three into your life.

The three components of mindfulness act as the foundation for a more robust and holistic life, one where you aren’t weighed down by negative emotions and the perceived burdens of life. It’s not an overnight transformation, however, so be diligent about finding ways to incorporate more mindfulness into your everyday life if you want to experience the results.

3 pillars of mindfulness

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